The activities associated with the arrival, validation and acceptance of a shipment in preparation for unloading. This includes processing identification of the vehicle, verification of paperwork, weighing in, providing directions to the unloading area, assigning a position in the unloading queue and parking or queueing the vehicle, container, rail car.
Products ordered and received by Source-to-Order processes typically have a dedicated production and/or customer order associated with it and will need to be recognized/recorded accordingly. The queueing of unloading may be dependent on the specific scheduling of these related production or customer orders.
Generally the costs to Receive and Unload are part of Cost of Goods Sold. For a distribution network the costs of these processes may be classified as Distribution Costs.