A graphical representation of the material flows of a supply chain or business (i.e. multiple supply chains). Geographic maps (a.k.a. Geo Maps) provide insights in where business (supply chain) activities take place and how the supply chain network is configured. The typical data elements in a geographic map are:
- Map; A representation of the geography containing the business activities. The size and scale of the geography depend on the scope of the supply chain. Geo Maps for global supply chains will display multiple continents. A local supply chain may be limited to a city or cluster of cities.
- Nodes; A location where the supply chain performs activities. The most commonly used nodes are: suppliers, plants, factories, distribution centers, warehouses, terminals, harbors, airports, stores and customers. A node may include indicators for volume, velocity, etc.
- Flows; A representation of how materials, products and goods flow between nodes. A flow may include indicators for volume, velocity, etc.
- Level-1 or level-2 processes; Representation of the process capabilities taking place in a node.
An additional purpose of Geographic Maps is to establish the scope of a supply chain.