The activities associated with verifying that the product or service delivered was according to the terms and conditions governing the purchase. This may include taking samples, sending samples to a laboratory, placing product in logical or physical quarantine (inventory blocks/holds), receiving test results and removing inventory blocks/holds.
Inspection may occur on all products on a delivery or on a sample.
The moment of inspection may vary by use case, product and industry: Before unloading, after unloading, at time of Make consumption, upon completion of Make, etc. Typically most basic checks -such as counting boxes and damage inspections- occur as part of the Unload process.
For Source-to-Order processes there is a direct link between a delivery failing inspection and the customer order or production order for which the material was sourced. In contrast for Source-to-Replenish processes failing inspection may temporarily lower the inventory but may not impact customer or production orders.
|DP12||Orders Defect Free Ratio||2||DP12|
|RS14||Sourcing Cycle Time||2||RS14|
|CO11||Cost of Goods Sold||2||CO11|
|CO111||Direct Material Costs||3||CO111|
|LIMS||Laboratory Information Management System||LIMS|
|RL3||Quality Control Return||RL3|