SOLAS or Safety of Life at Sea Convention is a international treaty concerning the safety of merchant ships, published by the IMO (International Maritime Organization, a United Nations agency) and followed by shipping nations.
The main objective of the SOLAS Convention is to specify minimum standards for the construction, equipment and operation of ships, compatible with their safety.
The current SOLAS Convention (the original plus its amendments) consists of 15 articles.
- Chapter I - General Provisions
- Chapter II-1 - Construction - Subdivision and stability, machinery and electrical installations
- Chapter II-2 - Fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction
- Chapter III - Life-saving appliances and arrangements
- Chapter IV - Radio communications
- Chapter V - Safety of navigation
- Chapter VI - Carriage of Cargoes
- Chapter VII - Carriage of dangerous goods
- Chapter VIII - Nuclear ships Code of Safety
- Chapter IX - Management for the Safe Operation of Ships
- Chapter X - Safety measures for high-speed craft
- Chapter XI - Special measures to enhance maritime safety
- Chapter XII - Additional safety measures for bulk carriers over 150 meters in length
- Chapter XIII - Verification of compliance (Mandatory IMO member state audit scheme)
- Chapter XIV - Safety measures for ships operating in polar waters